Guru Purnima or Guru Poornima is one of the most important and sacred day in Hindu festivals calendar. It is celebrated on poornima of Aashad month Shukla Paksha as per Hindu calender. On this day people show their gratitude towards their Guru ( Spiritual Teacher ) and say thanks to him for showing them the path of light .
According to the scriptures, this is the day when Guru Ved Vyas Ji ( writer of Vedas,Puranas & Mahabharata ) imparted spritual knowledge to his disciple Shri Sukhdev Goswami and to say thanks to guru vyas he worshipped Guru Vyas. it was the first instance of Guru Puja and then later on Swami Sukhdev was worshipped by his disciple shri Suta Goswami , thus tradition of celebrating Guru Poornima came in existence. In Mathura ( Braj mandal ) this day is also called Muriya purnima , since Swami Sanatan Goswami a famous guru of vrindavan left his physical body on this day, so Vaishnavs shaved his head ( mundan in Hindi ) on this day in the mourning.
Guru Poornima Celebration in Mathura
Lakhs of devotees visit Mathura on the occasion of Guru Poornima to pay their respect to their Guru and to take the parikrama of Goverdhan hill.
Since Mathura is holy place and a spritual center for hindus, therefore many saints & spritual teachers reside here in various ashramas in and around Mathura. Their disciples from every corner of India and world visit them to say thanks to them and show their gratitude towards their guru.
Guru Purnima is also considered a very auspicious day to take the parikrama of Govedhan Hill. Goverdhan hill is considered as another form of Lord Krishna ( the ultimate guru who taught Gita to his disciple Arjuna ). So devotees take the parikrama of Goverdhan hill , take bath in Manasi Ganga kund and pay their respect to Goverdhan .
In Vrindavan, In nidhivan near Sri Banke Bihari Temple, Phool Bangla is done in the honor of Swami Haridas ( a great saint and a famous musician ) .
This Year Guru Poornima in Mathura ( Braj Mandal ) will be celebrated on July 12, 2014 Saturday.